This text is a follow-up to an article posted final October that speculated in regards to the viability of reusing distressed motel properties for numerous sorts of high-demand housing. In that article, numerous qualitative components had been laid out which may make sure properties simpler to redevelop than others. It concluded that there would even be a mixture of quantifiable components that could possibly be used to additional distill obtainable properties all the way down to a handful of potential winners. This text will proceed to help that argument with a technique to pick out a handful of goal properties from an inventory of present or latest motel listings. It focuses on the Cape Cod space of Massachusetts however might be scaled to any area and any variety of targets.
Cape Cod, being a extremely seasonal resort and trip market, has plenty of challenges relating to rental housing for year-round residents. The Housing Help Company of Cape Cod reported that within the 5 years previous 2018, the Cape misplaced 3,000 year-round leases and gained over 6,000 seasonal properties (Quinn & Coxe, 2018). The Cape can be residence to a rising variety of establishments for increased training, starting from 4-year schools, to satellite tv for pc campuses of bigger establishments, to technical schools and commerce faculties. With the introduction of Bridgewater State’s Cape Cod campus in 2015, the entire scholar inhabitants of such establishments is over 6,000 and continues to develop. Lodging for such a various scholar and program combine is difficult within the midst of an already problematic housing surroundings. This examine will give attention to how public group faculty and college applications can scale back the price of attendance by changing distressed motels into scholar housing, with out exacerbating an space’s present housing points.
The Massachusetts State Faculty Constructing Authority (MSCBA) funds and develops housing tasks for public universities and schools throughout the state. On Cape Cod, this contains Cape Cod Neighborhood Faculty (4C), Bridgewater State College, and Massachusetts Maritime Academy (MMA). The 2 former establishments share many sources, with a latest instance being the housing of 4C’s Aviation Upkeep college students in Bridgewater’s services in Plymouth. The 2 faculties are almost adjoining to one another within the mid-Cape areas of Barnstable and Yarmouth, and these communities are additionally among the many scarcest when it comes to rental housing, with Barnstable’s rental and owned housing emptiness at just one% (City of Barnstable, 2016).
4C doesn’t at the moment supply housing for its college students on the Cape, and paired with low housing stock ranges, this additional exacerbates the difficulty of affordability as college students compete with the native workforce for leases. The varsity estimates $6,900 for housing bills as a part of its annual value of attendance, properly beneath the $7,900 common per unit revenue generated by MSCBA properties (MSCBA, 2019). This discrepancy helps to clarify the dearth of lodging for college students on Cape Cod, because the MSCBA could make extra per unit elsewhere. The location identification program specified by this text seeks to treatment that concern.
Utilizing the CoStar database, motel properties listed on Cape Cod had been situated and exported into an excel desk.
From there, the data was uploaded into ArcGIS’s web-based GIS platform with a purpose to plot the listings. In the identical map, a shapefile was uploaded for the 2010 census block group knowledge for Massachusetts and merged with the plotted motel listings.
ArcGIS accommodates a trove of pre-loaded knowledge for america from numerous sources just like the US Census Bureau and ESRI, in addition to an excellent bigger database of user-hosted content material. This knowledge was used to pick out a variety of related variables that might be helpful in narrowing a discipline of goal websites. Variables had been chosen that must be negatively correlated with the standard scholar profile of both of the 2 schools – Bridgewater State and 4C. This is able to have the impact of finding areas which can be preferable to the year-round inhabitants of the Cape, and the place college students ought to not be competing for housing.
The map on the left depicts areas the place there are bigger common family sizes, which might point out housing oriented in the direction of households. The best census block group would skew in the direction of smaller common family sizes, and people containing non-family households of just one particular person. These figures had been plotted collectively on a separate map.
Predictably, the place there’s a low variety of 1-person, non-family households, there tends to even be a excessive common family measurement in rental items. Additionally noteworthy is that in Buzzards Bay, the place Massachusetts Maritime Academy is situated (and the place the MSCBA has constructed substantial cadet housing for people), there’s the best focus of 1-person, non-family households inside block teams that additionally comprise listed motel properties.
After a number of iterations of mapping these variables, merging the info, and eliminating properties which can be situated inside undesirable block teams, this technique was capable of slim the checklist to about 10% of its unique measurement. The remaining properties, which might be routinely extracted from ArcGIS into an excel file, are decided to have excessive potential for scholar rental housing primarily based on a mixture of drive-time proximity to demand drivers and better quantities of 1-person, non-family housing.
On this explicit demonstration, one may have reached this conclusion by merely plotting the addresses of those schools alongside the present listings and winnowing the sphere primarily based on the ensuing map. Nonetheless, this may not be as easy at a bigger scale. As an example, when trying to find potential motel conversions on the state degree – for public and non-public schools and universities – a extra systematic method is warranted.
Utilizing this technique additionally has the twin good thing about figuring out properties which may assist present for scholar housing with out exacerbating the already bleak housing affordability issues on Cape Cod and past. The MSCBA, being a public establishment, ought to not have a slim focus when deciding the place to deal with college students enrolled in different public establishments like 4C and Bridgewater State, in any other case it is going to have damning results on the efforts of state and regional housing businesses within the space.
Of the three properties that this technique recognized as potential winners, none are situated in areas with a housing affordability index (HAI) better than 100 (HAI better than 100 signifies higher housing affordability). Solely one of many properties is in an space with a HAI better than 90, and one is in an space with a HAI lower than 50. The MSCBA may, subsequently, be most profitable offering scholar housing in areas the place housing affordability is probably the most challenged. They’d possible earn the help of regional housing businesses, who acknowledge the problem of housing college students and the group’s workforce in a low-vacancy surroundings, and they might earn the help of the group by reusing distressed properties in help of a rising native scholar inhabitants.
Certainly, changing motels to residential makes use of will encounter plenty of non-trivial hurdles alongside the best way. Within the earlier article, standards had been outlined which might make the bodily redevelopment of such properties viable whereas minimizing development prices, making certain a growth finances that agrees with its eventual rents. On this article, GIS evaluation was used to indicate how aligning broad and slim public pursuits may result in a much less cumbersome path by entitlement points which may come up within the potential use-change. Builders can use these two strategies collectively, together with a extra conventional and basic evaluation, comparatively painlessly and at a really broad scale. The consequence is not going to upend multi-unit residential growth as we all know it, however it’s definitely a market pushed method that works for all.
MSCBA. (2019). Annual Report – Fiscal 12 months 2019. Boston, MA: Massachusetts State Faculty Constructing Authority.
Quinn, D., & Coxe, S. (2018). Housing on Cape Cod: The Excessive Price of Doing Nothing. Hyannis, MA: Housing Help Company.
City of Barnstable. (2016). Housing Manufacturing Plan. Barnstable, MA: City of Barnstable.